BFW-Dokumentation 18/2014 - BFW-WEBSHOP
BFW-Dokumentation 18/2014 Vergrößern

BFW-Dokumentation 18/2014

Michel A., Seidling W. (Eds.): Forest Condition in Europe 2014 Technical Report of ICP Forests. Report under the UNECE Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP)

 

 



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SUMMARY
This 2014 Technical Report provides descriptive statistics of the ICP Forests 2013 large-scale (Level I) and
2012 intensive (Level II) monitoring in 25 of the 42 ICP Forests member states, while considering the EEA
European forest type classification. It also includes numerical results and national reports of the 2013
national crown condition surveys of 28 member states. Data analyses for this report focus on tree crown
condition, including tree damage, and the spatial variation of open field (bulk) and throughfall
deposition. The report also contains a description of the new “Aggregated Forest Soil Condition
Database” (AFSCDB) of ICP Forests, which will foster integrated evaluations and process-based
modelling in the future.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1 INTRODUCTION
2 THE MONITORING SYSTEM OF ICP FORESTS
2.1 Background
2.2 Large-scale forest monitoring (Level I)
2.3 Intensive forest ecosystem monitoring (Level II)
2.4 References
3 TREE CROWN CONDITION AND DAMAGE CAUSES
3.1 Large-scale tree crown condition
3.1.1 Methods of the 2013 survey
3.1.2 Assessment parameters
3.1.3 Plot design
3.1.4 Species composition
3.1.5 European Forest Types
3.1.6 Defoliation
3.1.7 Weather condition in 2012 and 2013
3.2 Results of the transnational crown condition survey in 2013
3.2.1 Defoliation in 2013
3.2.2 Defoliation trends: time series
3.3 Damage cause assessment
3.3.1 Background of the survey in 2013
3.3.2 Assessment parameters
3.3.3 Results in 2013
Conclusions
3.4 National surveys and reports
3.5 References
4 A HARMONISED LEVEL II SOIL DATABASE TO UNDERSTAND PROCESSES AND CHANGES IN FOREST
CONDITION AT THE EUROPEAN LEVEL
4.1 Abstract
4.2 Introduction
4.3 Materials and methods
4.3.1 Data sources
4.3.2 Structure of the database
4.3.3 Quality assurance and quality control
4.4 Results
4.4.1 General plot information
4.4.2 Soil profile information
4.4.3 Soil horizon information
4.4.4 Sampling and analysis of composite samples taken at fixed depths
4.5 Discussion
4.5.1 Strengths of the database
4.5.2 Limitations of the database
4.5.3 Future developments of the database
4.6 Acknowledgements
4.7 References
5 SPATIAL VARIATION OF DEPOSITION IN EUROPE
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Methods
5.3 Results and Discussion
5.4 References
6 NATIONAL REPORTS
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Albania
6.3 Andorra
6.4 Belgium
6.5 Croatia
6.6 Cyprus
6.7 Czech Republic
6.8 Denmark
6.9 Estonia
6.10 France
6.11 Germany
6.12 Hungary
6.13 Italy
6.14 Latvia
6.15 Lithuania
6.16 Luxembourg
6.17 Republic of Moldova
6.18 Montenegro
6.19 Norway
6.20 Poland
6.21 Romania
6.22 Serbia
6.23 Slovakia
6.24 Slovenia
6.25 Spain
6.26 Sweden
6.27 Switzerland
6.28 Turkey
6.29 Ukraine
ANNEX I: MAPS OF THE TRANSNATIONAL EVALUATIONS
Annex I-1: Broadleaves and conifers
Annex I-2: Number of tree species per plot (Forest Europe classification) (2013)
Annex I-3: Mean plot defoliation of all species (2013)
Annex I-4: Percentage of trees damaged (2013)
Annex I-5: Development of mean plot defoliation (2006–2013)
Annex I-6: Changes in mean plot defoliation (2012–2013)
ANNEX II: RESULTS FROM NATIONAL REPORTS 129
Annex II-1: Forests and surveys in European countries (2013)
Annex II-2: Percent of trees of all species by defoliation classes and class aggregates (2013)
Annex II-3: Percent of conifers by defoliation classes and class aggregates (2013)
Annex II-4: Percent of broadleaves by defoliation classes and class aggregates (2013)
Annex II-5: Percent of damaged trees of all species (2002–2013)
Annex II-6: Percent of damaged conifers (2002–2013)
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Annex II-7: Percent of damaged broadleaves (2002–2013)
Annex II-8: Changes in defoliation (1991–2013)
ANNEX III: CONTACTS
Annex III-1: UNECE and ICP Forests
Annex III-2: Expert Panels, Working Groups, and other coordinating institutions
Annex III-3: Ministries (Min) and National Focal Centres (NFC)
Annex III-4: Authors and editors